How Do Robinhood Markets Make Cash? – Trefis

Robinhood Markets, the commission-free on-line brokerage widespread with millennials, is predicted to go public subsequent week below the HOOD ticker on the Nasdaq. The corporate will provide shares between $ 38 and $ 42 apiece, which may translate right into a valuation of as much as $ 35 billion. In our dashboard Robinhood Markets Revenues: How Does HOOD Make Cash? we offer an outline of Robinhood’s enterprise mannequin and its fundamental sources of income. Components of the evaluation are summarized under.

Robinhood’s enterprise mannequin

Robinhood is a web based brokerage agency that gives commission-free transactions in shares, exchange-traded funds, and cryptocurrency. Though Robinhood doesn’t immediately invoice its customers for trades, it primarily makes cash from market makers and frequency buying and selling corporations who pay for the order circulation of its retail merchants. Funds for Order Move, or PFOF, accounted for about 75% of the corporate’s income final 12 months. As well as, Robinhood additionally earns curiosity earnings on securities and margin loans. The corporate additionally gives different providers, together with the Robinhood Gold premium subscription service, which supplies customers entry to options like skilled analysis and margin buying and selling.

How have revenues developed?

Robinhood noticed its transaction-based income enhance by 320%, from round $ 170 million in 2019 to round $ 720 million in 2020. Within the first quarter of 2021, transaction income grew once more by round 340% 12 months on 12 months to succeed in $ 420 million. The surge in earnings comes as increasingly more retail buyers have been drawn to the inventory markets given the massive bull by way of the Covid-19 pandemic and extra just lately the inventory buying and selling frenzy. As a tough information, the variety of accounts funded on Robinhood has grown from round 5.1 million on the finish of 2019 to round 12.5 million in 2020 and stood at round 22.5 million on the finish of June 2021. The Retail Frenzy has additionally meant that Robinhood is ready to higher monetize its customers. Common income per person elevated from $ 65.70 in 2019 to $ 108.90 in 2020 and to round $ 137 in Q1 2021, on an annualized foundation.

Though choices stay the primary driver of Robinhood’s transaction income (47% of gross sales), the cryptocurrency enterprise is the quickest rising. Within the first quarter of 2021, crypto-related income elevated about 20 occasions in a 12 months to nearly $ 88 million. Along with core transaction actions, different segments of Robinhood additionally grew, with web curiosity and different earnings collectively rising nearly 3 occasions within the first quarter in comparison with final 12 months. That stated, Robinhood is definitely more and more reliant on its transaction income, which was nearly 81% of gross sales within the first quarter, down from round 75% final 12 months.

What are the dangers ?

Whereas Robinhood’s current gross sales progress has been sturdy, there are some short-term dangers. Fairness markets may peak because the S&P 500 has now risen about 90% from the lows of March 2020. Moreover, inflation is on the rise and the US Federal Reserve can also be contemplating charge hikes for 2023. , one 12 months earlier than the preliminary date. expectations. A robust market correction or perhaps a sideways transfer may restrict curiosity in Robinhood’s platform, which is basically geared toward new buyers. Individually, Robinhood’s easy fee enterprise mannequin for order circulation can also be controversial, with critics claiming it may successfully give retail buyers a lower cost on their trades. Final month, the SEC stated it was reviewing fee for order flows, which sparked hypothesis that the apply, which is already unlawful in international locations just like the UK, is also banned within the US. United. Whereas PFOF has roughly turn out to be customary apply for Robinhood rivals reminiscent of Charles Schwab and E-Commerce, they’re much less depending on it as a supply of earnings, given their greater earnings linked to curiosity and cash. different providers.

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